About the region
Kaliningrad oblast is the westernmost region of the Russian Federation completely separated from the rest of the country by land frontiers of foreign States and international sea waters.
In the North and East for 280,5 km, the region borders with the Republic of Lithuania, in the South for 231,98 km — with the Republic of Poland, in the West the region is washed by for more than 183 km of the Baltic sea. The maximum length of the region from East to West is 205 km, from North to South and 108 km From Kaliningrad to the Polish border is just 35 km from the Lithuanian – 70 km from the Nearest regional center of Russia — Pskov-is 800 km away from Kaliningrad to Moscow is 1289 km.
To many European capitals the distance is relatively small:
- 350 km to Vilnius,
- 400 km to Warsaw,
- 600 km to Berlin,
- 650 km up to Stockholm
- 680 km to Copenhagen.
The administrative centre is Kaliningrad (former Koenigsberg founded in 1255). The area of the Kaliningrad region is 15.1 thousand km It is one of the smallest territories in Russia, but the population density (63 persons per square kilometre) among the regions it ranks third and is second only to Krasnodar territory and Tula region. The longest river Pregolya – 123 km, Neman – 115 km (in the region). The largest lake vishtynetskoye – 18 sq. km Highest elevation above sea level – Vestenicka elevation is 242 m.